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靜音壽命如何兼得 9類風扇軸承大PK

2012-06-16 12:44:11 來源:濟南克倫特軸承有限公司 瀏覽:1315
第1頁:軸承是風扇的靈魂

    SANREHEJINGYINYIZHISHIDIYLINGYULILIANGGEFEICHANGZHONGYAODEXINGNENGCANSHU,ERFENGSHANKEYISHUOSHIZHENGGEDIANNAOJIXIANGNEIBUZUIDADEZAOYINLAIYUAN。XUDUORENRENWEIFENGSHANDESHANXIESHEJI、ZHUANSUYIJIFENGLIANGDENGCANSHUSHIYINGXIANGFENGSHANZAOYINDEZUIDAYINSU。QISHI,FENGSHANDEZHOUCHENGLEIXINGCAISHIWOMENZUIGAIKANZHONGDE。KEYISHUOZHOUCHENGSHIFENGSHANDELINGHUN,YINWEIBUTONGLEIXINGDEZHOUCHENGBUJINHUIYINGXIANGDAOYIKUANFENGSHANDESHIYONGSHOUMING,ERQIEDUIZHENGGEFENGSHANDEZAOYINDAXIAOYEQIDAOZHIGUANZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。


靜音壽命誰更重要 9類風扇軸承大PK

    SUOYI,RUGUOWOMENXIANGYAOTIAOXUANCHUYIKUANSHIHEZIJISHIJIXUQIUDEFENGSHAN,SHOUXIANYAOCONGZHOUCHENGDELEIXINGXIASHOU。WEILERANGGENGDUODEWANJIADUIKANSIBUQIYANDEFENGSHANZHOUCHENGYOUYIGEGENGJIASHENKEDELIJIE,BENPIANWENZHANGJIANGZHUYAOWEIRAOBUTONGLEIXINGDEZHOUCHENGSHUOQI,CONGCANSHUXINGNENGDAOYOUQUEDIANFENXI,RANGWANJIAMENZAIXUANGOUFENGSHANSHI,ZUODAOXINZHONGYOUSHU。

靜音壽命誰更重要 9類風扇軸承大PK
封閉式滾珠軸承

    在散熱器領域,風扇的軸承主要分為使用滑動摩擦的含油軸承(套筒軸承)和使用滾動摩擦的滾珠軸承以及兩種軸承形式的混合這三大類。而每個類型的軸承還根據不同的技術分為多個類別,比如滾珠軸承有單滾珠和雙滾珠兩種。


第2頁:常見的含油和液壓軸承

?含油軸承(Sleeve Bearing)

HANYOUZHOUCHENGSHISHIYONGHUADONGMOCADETAOTONGZHOUCHENG,SHIYONGRUNHUAYOUZUOWEIRUNHUAJIHEJIANZUJI。SUIRANZAOYINDI,ZHIZAOCHENGBENYEDI,DANMOSUNYANZHONG,SHOUMINGJIAOGUNZHUZHOUCHENGYOUHENDACHAJU。ERQIESHIYONGSHIJIANYICHANG,YOUYUYOUFENGDEYUANYIN,RUNHUAYOUHUIZHUJIANHUIFA,ERQIEHUICHENYEHUIJINRUZHOUCHENG,CONGERYINQIFENGSHANZHUANSUBIANMAN,ZAOYINZENGDADENGWENTI。


靜音壽命如何兼得 9類風扇軸承大PK
普通含油軸承

靜音壽命如何兼得 9類風扇軸承大PK
含油軸承結構圖

    當含油軸承內部的潤滑油脂不足時,會出現明顯的“偏心”狀態,嚴重時會導致風扇扇葉停轉,造成被散熱設備散熱不及時,所以普通含油軸承不適合高轉速的風扇和較大尺寸(9cm以上)的風扇使用。通常含油軸承風扇產品壽命為5000-8000小時

?液壓軸承(Hydraulic Bearing)

    液壓軸承是在含油軸承的基礎上改進而來的。液壓軸承擁有比含油軸承更大的儲油空間,并有獨特的環回式供油回路。經過改進后的液壓軸承,比含油軸承有著更長的使用壽命,而同樣有著低運行噪音的優點。

風扇軸承你如何選
液壓軸承結構

靜音壽命如何兼得 9類風扇軸承大PK
液壓軸承由AVC首創

    液壓軸承的平均壽命為40000小時,最初由AVC首創。隨著目前更多的散熱器廠商使用液壓軸承技術,讓這種軸承類型的風扇在目前散熱器市場上有著較高的比重。低廉的價格和低噪音成為了不少普通裝機用戶的首選。


第3頁:更長壽命的滾珠軸承

更長壽命的滾珠軸承

GUNZHUZHOUCHENGGAIBIANLEZHOUCHENGDEMOCAFANGSHI,CAIYONGGUNDONGMOCA,ZHEYIFANGSHIGENGWEIYOUXIAODEJIANGDILEZHOUCHENGMIANZHIJIANDEMOCAXIANXIANG,YOUXIAOTISHENGLEFENGSHANZHOUCHENGDESHIYONGSHOUMING,YEYINCIJIANGSANREQIDESHIYONGSHOUMINGYANCHANG。SUODAILAIDEQUEDIANJIUSHIGONGYIGENGWEIFUZA,DAOZHICHENGBENTISHENG,TONGSHIYEDAILAIGENGGAODEGONGZUOZAOYIN。


風扇軸承你如何選
滾珠軸承

?單滾珠軸承(1 Ball Bearing)

靜音壽命如何兼得 9類風扇軸承大PK
單滾珠軸承結構圖

   單滾珠軸承(1 Ball+1 Sleeve Bearing) 是對傳統含油軸承的改進,采用滑動摩擦和滾動摩擦混合的形式,其實就是用一個滾珠軸承搭配一個含油軸承的方式來降低雙滾珠軸承的成本,它的轉子與定子之間 用滾珠進行潤滑,并配以潤滑油。它克服了含油軸承壽命短,運行不穩定的毛病,而成本上升極為有限。單滾珠軸承吸收了含油軸承和雙滾珠軸承的優點,將軸承的 使用壽命提升到了40000小時,缺點是在加入滾珠之后,運行噪聲有所增大,但仍小于雙滾珠軸承。

?雙滾珠軸承(2 Ball Bearing)

靜音壽命如何兼得 9類風扇軸承大PK
雙滾珠軸承結構圖

雙滾珠軸承(2 Ball Bearing) 屬于比較高檔的軸承,采用滾動摩擦的形式,采用了兩個滾珠軸承,軸承中有數顆微小鋼珠圍繞軸心,當扇頁或軸心轉動時,鋼珠即跟著轉動。因為都是球體,所以摩擦力較小,且不存在漏油的問題。雙滾珠軸承的優點是壽命超長,大約在50000-100000小時。抗老化性能好,適合轉速較高的風扇。某些玩家比較熱衷的“暴力扇”,就是使用的雙滾珠軸承。


第4頁:來福和流體動態軸承

來福和流體動態軸承

    SUIRANGUNZHUZHOUCHENGYOUZHUGENGCHANGDESHIYONGSHOUMING,DANSHIJIAODADEZAOYINDUIYUMUQIANDUOSHUWANJIALAISHUOHUANSHIYIGEBIJIAOTOUTENGDEWENTI,SUOYIYIXIECHANGSHANGZAIYUANYOUDEHANYOUZHOUCHENGSHANGJINXINGGAIJIN,ZAIZUODAOTISHENGSHIYONGSHOUMINGDETONGSHI,YEKEYISHIXIANDIZAOYINDEYOUDIAN。ERLAIFUZHOUCHENGHELIUTIDONGTAIZHOUCHENGYOUCIERSHENG。

?來福軸承(Rifle Bearing)


風扇軸承你如何選
來福軸承結構圖

風扇軸承你如何選
來福軸承工作原理

    ZUOWEICHUANTONGHANYOUZHOUCHENGDEGAIJIN,LAIFUZHOUCHENGCAIYONGNAIMOCAILIAOZHICHENGGAOHANYOUZHONGKONGZHOUCHENG,JIANXIAOLEZHOUCHENGYUZHOUXINZHIJIANMOCALI,LAIFUZHOUCHENGHUANDAIYOUFANXIANGLUOXUANCAOJIDANGYOUCAODEZHOUXIN,ZAIFENGSHANYUNZHUANSHI HANYOUJIANGXINGCHENGFANXIANGHUIYOU,CONGERBIMIANHANYOULIUSHI,YINCITISHENGLEZHOUCHENGSHOUMING。LAIFUZHOUCHENGFENGSHANTONGGUOCAIYONGYISHANGJIEGOUJILINGJIAN,SHIDEHANYOUJIBAOYOUNENGLIDAFUTISHENG,BINGJIANGDILEZAOYIN。

?流體動態軸承(Hypro Bearing)

    LIUTIDONGTAIZHOUCHENGKEYIKANCHENGSHILAIFUZHOUCHENGDEGAILIANGBAN,LIYONGRENZIXINGDEGOUCAOSHEJIKEYIYOUXIAODETISHENGLIUTIYALI。BUTONGYULAIFUZHOUCHENGDEXUNHUANHUILUGONGYOUXITONG,LIUTIDONGTAIZHOUCHENGJIANGRUNHUAYOUZHISHIZHONGGUDINGZAILEZHOUXINNEIBU。

靜音壽命如何兼得 9類風扇軸承大PK
流體動態軸承圖解

    ZHEZHONG“LIUTIDONGTAIZHOUCHENG”,LIYONGWEIXIGOUCAODELIUTILIXUETEXINGRANGZHOUYUZHOUCHENGJIANXIZHONGCHONGMANRUNHUAJI,WEILERANGRUNHUAJIBAOCUNZHU,ZHOUCHENGBIAOMIANKEYOURENZIXINGGOUCAO,ZHUZHOUXUANZHUANSHILIUTIYALISHENGGAO,HUANKEYISHIRUNHUAJIJIZHONGZAIZHOUCHENGNEIBU,BURONGYIXIELU(ZHEYESHIYOUFENGZHOUCHENGZUIDADEWENTI)。LINGWAI,CAIYONGZHEYANGDEZHOUCHENGSHEJI,BUDANJINYIBUTIGAOLEFENGSHANDESHIYONGSHOUMING,BINGQIEHUANNENGJINYIBUZENGQIANGFENGSHANZAIYUNXINGGUOCHENGZHONGDEJIANGZAOXIAOGUO,RANGFENGSHANGENGJIAANJING。DANGRANXIANGDUIYUCHENGBENLAISHUOYEXIANGDUIJIAODI,SHOUMINGYEGENGCHANG。


第5頁:納米陶瓷軸承

納米陶瓷軸承

    NAMITAOCIZHOUCHENG(NANO Ceramic Bearing,NCB) ZAIBENZHISHANGRENGRANSHIYIZHONGHANYOUZHOUCHENG,SHIYOUFUSHIKANGZAIQICHANPINZHONGSHOUXIANYINRUDE。CHUANTONGHANYOUZHOUCHENGFENGSHANZAISHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGMOSUNBIJIAOYANZHONG,CHANGSHIJIANSHIYONGSHIDEKEKAOXINGJIAODI。NAMIZHOUCHENGYOUXIAODEKE FULEZHEGEWENTI,TAOCIZHOUCHENGJISHUCAIYONGLETESHUDEGAOFENZICAILIAOYUTESHUTIANJIAJICHONGFENRONGHE。


靜音壽命如何兼得 9類風扇軸承大PK
納米陶瓷軸承

靜音壽命如何兼得 9類風扇軸承大PK
納米氧化鋯在顯微鏡下的顆粒

    NAMITAOCIZHOUCHENGHEXINQUANMIANCAIYONGTESHUDEERYANGHUAHAOCAILIAO,SHIYONGCHONGMOJISHAOJIEGONGYIZHICHENG,JINGTIKELIYOUGUOQUDE60umXIAJIANGDAOLE0.3um,JUYOUJIANGU、GUANGHUA、NAIMODENGTEXING。

靜音壽命如何兼得 9類風扇軸承大PK
納米陶瓷軸承

    納米陶瓷軸承具有很強的耐高溫能力,不易揮發,這大大延長了風扇的使用壽命,納米軸承的性質與陶瓷類似,越磨越光滑。據測試,采用納米陶瓷軸承的風扇平均使用壽命都在150000小時以上。這項技術其實并非真正的納米技術,所使用的材料也并非真正的納米級材料,只不過是采用了納米這樣的字眼來吸引眼球罷了。

    YUGUNZHUZHOUCHENGFENGSHANXIANGBI,NAMITAOCIZHOUCHENGFENGSHANDEZAOSHENGYEDEDAOLEHENHAODEKONGZHI,SUOCHANSHENGDEZAOSHENGBISHUANGGUNZHUZHOUCHENGDI2—3dB。NAMITAOCIZHOUCHENGFENGSHANZAIZUZHUANGGUOCHENGZHONG,YEBIGUNZHUZHOUCHENGFENG SHANDEGONGXUJIANDANHENDUO,CONGERZAIWUXINGZHONGSHIPINZHIDEDAOLETIGAO,CHENGBENDEYIJIANGDI。YOUYUNAMITAOCIZHOUCHENGTIJIJIAOXIAO,SUOYIZAIFENGSHANDESHEJIZHONGBIANKEJIACHANGDIANJIDERAOXIAN,CONGERZENGDAGONGLVTIGAOZHUAN SU。XIANGDUIYUGUNZHUZHOUCHENGFENGSHAN,QIZHONGXINMIANJIGENGXIAO,YOUXIAOZENGJIALEXIEPIANKONGJIANMIANJI,ZENGDALEKONGQILIUTONGLIANG。


第6頁:主打靜音的磁浮軸承

主打靜音的磁浮軸承

    TIQICIXUANFUJISHU,RENMENDOUHUIXIANGDAOCIXUANFULIECHE,TONGGUOLIECHEDIBUYUTIEGUIJIANDEFANXIANGQIANGCICHANGZUOYONG,JIANGLIECHEXUANFUZAIGUIDAOSHANGFANGYIJIANSHAOMOCAXISHU。ERCIFUZHOUCHENGLIYONGCILIZUOYONGJIANGZHUANZIXUANFUYUKONGZHONG,SHIZHUANZIYUDINGZIZHIJIANMEIYOUJIXIEJIECHU。QIYUANLISHICIGANYINGXIANYUCIFUXIANCHENGCHUIZHI,ZHOUXINYUCIFUXIANSHIPINGXINGDE,SUOYIZHUANZIDEZHONGLIANGJIUGUDINGZAIYUNZHUANDEGUIDAOSHANG,LIYONGJIHUSHIWUFUZAIDEZHOUXINWANGFANCIFUXIANFANGXIANGDINGCHENG,RANGCHENGZHENGGEZHUANZIXUANKONG。


風扇軸承你如何選
磁懸浮軸承結構圖

靜音壽命如何兼得 9類風扇軸承大PK
磁懸浮軸承

    YUCHUANTONGDEGUNZHUZHOUCHENG、HANYOUZHOUCHENGXIANGBI,CIZHOUCHENGBUCUNZAIJIXIEJIECHU,ZHUANZIKEYIYUNXINGDAOHENGAODEZHUANSU,JUYOUJIXIEMOSUNXIAO、NENGHAODI、ZAOSHENGXIAO、SHOUMINGCHANG、WUXURUNHUA、WUYOUWURANDENGYOU DIAN,TEBIESHIYONGYUGAOSU、ZHENKONG、CHAOJINGDENGTESHUHUANJINGZHONG。CIXUANFUSHISHISHANGZHISHIYIZHONGFUZHUGONGNENG,BINGFEISHIDULIDEZHOUCHENGXINGSHI,JUTIYINGYONGHUANDEPEIHEQITADEZHOUCHENGXINGSHI,LIRUCIXUANFU+GUNZHU ZHOUCHENG、CIXUANFU+HANYOUZHOUCHENG、CIXUANFU+QIHUAZHOUCHENGDENGDENG。


第7頁:氣壓球形軸承

氣壓球形軸承

    ZUIJINYIDUANSHIJIAN,YIZHONGXINDEZHOUCHENGJISHUBEIGONGBUCHULAI,XUDUOJIAGEBUFEIDEGAODUANFENGSHANCHANPINRANGZHEZHONGQIYAQIUXINGZHOUCHENG(Barometric Ball Bearin)BEIXUDUORENSUOGUANZHU。SHIYONGZHEZHONGZHOUCHENGJISHUDEFENGSHANXIANGBICHUANTONGZHOUCHENGYOUZHUGENGJIACHANGJIUDESHIYONGSHOUMINGYIJIGENGDIDEZAOYIN。


風扇軸承你如何選
氣壓球形軸承結構圖

風扇軸承你如何選
氣壓球形軸承風扇

    CONGJIEGOUSHANGLAIKAN,ZHEZHONGQIYAQIUXINGZHOUCHENGLEISIYUCIFUZHOUCHENG,ZHIBUGUOJIANGGUDINGJINSHUQIUTIDECITIEZHIYUFENGSHANDEDIBU。BINGQIEZAIFENGSHANZHOUXINWAIKUANGXINGCHENGYIDINGDEQIYALAIBAOZHENGZHOUXINXUANZHUANDEWENDING。ZAISHIYONGSHOUMINGSHANG,QIYAQIUXINGZHOUCHENGYOUZHUGAODA10WANXIAOSHIDEPINGJUNWUGUZHANGYUNXINGSHIJIAN,XIANGBIGUNZHUZHOUCHENGFENGSHANLAISHUO,YOUSHIGENGJIAMINGXIAN。DANSHIYOUYUMUQIANSHIYONGZHEZHONGZHOUCHENGDECHANGSHANGBUDUO,SUOYIDAOZHIJIAGEBIJIAOANGGUI。


第8頁:各有優劣的軸承類型

各有優劣的軸承類型
 

    最后,再來讓我們看看目前這9種不同的軸承類型的一些參數對比。需要注意的是,下表中的噪音參數特指僅風扇軸承所發出的噪音,而風扇的整體噪音還需要根據扇葉的設計和轉速兩個參數的影響。
 

類型 使用壽命 工藝難度 制造成本 噪音
含油軸承
 
5000-8000
 

 

 

 
液壓軸承
 
4萬
 

 

 

 
單滾珠
 
4萬
 

 
一般
 

 
雙滾珠
 
5萬-10萬
 

 

 

 
來福軸承
 
4萬
 

 

 

 
流體動態
 
5萬
 

 
較高
 

 
納米陶瓷
 
8萬-10萬
 
較低
 

 

 
磁浮軸承
 
5萬
 
較高
 
較高
 

 
氣壓球形
 
10萬
 

 

 

 

     CONGSHANGMIANDEBIAOZHONGWOMENKEYIKANCHU,MUQIANHANYOUZHOUCHENGYUYEYAZHOUCHENGYOUYUYOUZHUGENGDIDESHENGCHANGONGYIYIJIZHIZAOCHENGBEN,RANGQIRENGRANCHENGWEIMUQIANSHICHANGSHANGDADUOSHUSANREFENGSHANSUOSHIYONGDEZHOUCHENGLEIXING。SUISHUOZAISHOUMINGSHANGZHIYOU4WANXIAOSHI,DANSHIRUGUOANMEITIANKAIJI10XIAOSHIJISUAN,QISHIYONGSHOUMINGYECHANGDA10NIANZHIJIU,HEQIDILIANDEJIAGEXIANGBI,DUIYUDADUOSHURENLAISHUO,HUANSHIFEICHANGCHAOZHIDELE。BUGUOYOUYUMUQIANGUONEIFENGSHANPINPAIDEFANZA,CUNZAIYIXIEYICICHONGHAODEXIANXIANG,SUOYIZAIXUANZESHIWOMENYINGGAIJINLIANGXUANZENEIXIEKOUBEIBIJIAOHAODEPINPAI。

    ERDUIYUNEIXIEDUIZAOYINYIJIXINGNENGYAOQIUJIAOGAODEWANJIALAISHUO,MUQIANDECIFUZHOUCHENGZESHIYIGEFEICHANGBUCUODEXUANZE,HEPUTONGYEYAZHOUCHENGXIANGBI,YIXIECIFUZHOUCHENGFENGSHANHUANKEYIRANGWANJIAFEICHANGFANGBIANDECHAIXIASHANXIE,YIFANGBIANRICHANGDEQINGXIHEWEIHU。ZONGDELAISHUOWOMENZAIXUANZESANREFENGSHANSHI,HUANSHIYAOBINGZHU“SHIHEZIJI”DEYUANZE,GENJUZIJIDEYUSUANHEXUYAOQUXUANZEYIKUANSHIHEZIJIXUQIUDEFENGSHAN。

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